Sources of chickpea genotypes with high level of main economically valuable characteristics for breeding in conditions of the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine

  • M. I. Kondratenko Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Researcher, of the department of selection of fodder, grain and technical crops, Institute of Feed Research and Agriculture of Podillya of NAAS
  • O. V. Bushulyan Senior Research Fellow, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Leading Researcher of the laboratory of soja and grain legumes breeding, Institute of Feed Research and Agriculture of Podillya of NAAS
  • V. D. Buhayov Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Researcher, Head of the department of selection of fodder, grain and technical crops of the Institute of Feed Research and Agriculture of Podillya of NAAS
Keywords: chickpeas, collection sample, seed productivity, valuable traits


Purpose. The aim of the study was to identify samples of chickpeas with economically valuable traits on the ground of the basic collection of parent material as a source of traits for breeding in conditions of the Right-Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine; to systematize them by yielding capacity, elements of crop structure, duration of the growing season, morphological features, areas of use in accordance with the two main groups of culture morphotypes – kabuli and desi – in order to plan areas of breeding. Methods. Field (conducting phenological observations), laboratory (assessment of the studied material). Results. 223 samples of chickpeas originating from different countries of Asia and Europe were screened in order to determine their breeding value in conditions of the Right-Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. It is established that promising for selection in such conditions are samples originating from Russia, Syria and India, as well as varieties and new highperformance lines obtained from Plant Breeding and Genetics Institute – National Center of seed and cultivar investigation of NAAS of Ukraine, characterized by a set of features such as grain productivity (number of beans per plant, weight of 1000 seeds and others), and suitability for the mechanized harvesting (height of the plant, height of attachment of the lower bean and others). The studies were conducted in contrasting conditions of two years, 2018 and 2019, which differed significantly in the amount of precipitation and the sum of effective temperatures, and the nature of their distribution during the growing season, which allowed to obtain more objective information about breeding material. The nature of variability of the main economically valuable traits by groups of morphotypes as well as correlations between them is determined, this will allow to make targeted selections in breeding for the above mentioned traits, using this experimental material as genetic sources. Conclusions. A set of chickpea samples of different ecological and geographical origin with valuable breeding traits have been identified, which can be used as genetic sources in practical selection to create new varieties with specified parameters in conditions of the Right-Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. The selected sources were unique in one feature as well as combined a set of features.


Srivastava, S., Lavanya G.R. and Lal G.M. Genetic variability and character association for seed yield in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). J. Pharm. Phytochem. 2017. Vol. 6(4). P. 748-750.

Brindaban Singh and Dr. SP Mishra and Dr. AP Singh. Genetic divergence for economically important traits of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2020. Vol. 9(1). P. 1059-1063

Food and Agriculture Organization. Faostat. Available at: URL: http/ (Date of access: 01.12.2020).

Mohan S., Thiyagarajan K. Genetic variability, correlation and path coefficient analysis in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) for yield and its component traits. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. Appl. Sci. 2019. Vol. 8(5). P. 1801-1808. Available at:

Aswathi P.V., Ganesamurthy K and Jayamani P. Genetic variability for morphological and biometrical traits in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Electr. J. Plant Breed. 2019. Vol. 10(2). P. 699-705. Available at:

Hirdyani H. Nutritional composition of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) and value added products. Indian J. Community Health. 2014. Vol. 26 (02). P. 199-201.

Deb A.C. and Khaleque M.A. Nature of gene action of some quantitative traits in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). World J. Agric. Sci. 2009. Vol. 5(3). P. 361-368.

Ali, Q., Tahir M.H.N., Sadaqat H.A., Arshad S., Farooq J., Ahsan M., Waseem M., and Iqbal A. Genetic variability and correlation analysis for quantitative traits in chickpea genotypes (Cicer arietinum L.). J. Bacterial. 2018. Res. 3(1). P. 6-9.

Shengu M.K., Hirpa D., and Wolde Z. Genetic variability of some chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes and correlation among yield and related traits in humid tropics of Southern Ethiopia. J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci. 2018. Vol. 10(10). P. 298-303. Available at:

Chekalin N.M. Perspektivy selektsii zernobobovykh kultur na povysheniye urozhainosti [Prospects for the selection of legumes to increase yields]. Selektsiya i semenovodstvo [Selection and seed production], 1982, no. 9, pp. 5-8 [in Russian].

Bushulian O.V. (2009). Sichkar V.I. Nut. Henetyka, selektsiia, nasinnytstvo, tekhnolohiia vyroshchuvannia: monohrafiia [Chickpeas. Genetics, selection, seed production, cultivation technology: monograph]. Odesa, SHI-NTsNS, 246 p. [in Ukrainian].

Bykova K.A. (2017). Otsenka kollektsionnykh obraztsov nuta (CICER L.) i sozdaniye iskhodnogo materiala dlia ego selektsii v yuzhnoi Lesostepy Zapadnoi Sibiri [Evaluation of collection samples of chickpeas (CICER L.) and creation of source material for its selection in the southern forest-steppe of Western Siberia. Cand. agricultural sci. diss]. Omsk, 129 p. [in Russian].

Bushulian O.V. Selektsiia nutu: rezultaty i perspektyvy [Chickpea breeding: results and prospects]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats SHI-NTsNS [Collection of scientific works of SGI-NCNS], 2014, issue 23 (63), pp. 43-49 [in Ukrainian].

Pasichnyk S.M., Bushulian O.V., Sichkar V.I. Rezultaty hibrydyzatsii nutu za riznykh umov vyroshchuvannia [Results of hybridization of chickpeas under different growing conditions]. Selektsiia I nasinnytstvo [Breeding and seed production], 2016, issue 109, pp. 111-118 [in Ukrainian].

Bushulian O.V. Model vysokoproduktyvnoho sortu nutu dlia stepovoi zony Ukrainy [Model of the high-yielding chickpea variety for the Steppe zone of Ukraine]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats SHI [Collection of scientific works of SHI], 2009, issue 14 (54), pp. 160-165 [in Ukrainian].

Skytskyi V.Yu. Herasymova Yu.I. Analiz kolektsii nutu dlia vykorystannia na pidvyshchennia tekhnolohichnosti pry vyroshchuvanni [Analysis of chickpea collection for use to increase manufacturability in cultivation]. Henetychni resursy roslyn [Genetic resources of plants], 2010, no. 8, pp. 40-45 [in Ukrainian].

Singh K., Jana S. Diversity for responses to some biotic and stresses and multivariate associations in Kabuli chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Euphytica. 1993. V. 68. P. 1-10.

Sichkar V.I., Bushulian O.V. Tekhnolohiia vyroshchuvannia nutu v Ukraini [Chickpea growing technology in Ukraine]. Propozytsiia [Proposal], 2001, no. 10, pp. 42-43 [in Ukrainian].

Hama, S.J. Correlation and path coefficient analysis for seed yield and yield components in chickpea under rainfed condition. J. Kerbala Agric. Sci. 2019. Vol. 6 (1). P. 26-35.

Nizama, J.R., Patel S.R., and A.L. Patel. Genetic variability and heritability among quantitative traits in chickpea under tropical region. Asian Reson. 2013. Vol. 5 (2). P. 45-48.

Vavilov N.Y. Kriticheskiy obzor sovremennogo sostoyaniya geneticheskoi teorii selektsii rasteniy i zhyvotnykh [A critical review of the current state of the genetic theory of plant and animal selection]. Genetika [Genetics], 1965, no. 1, pp. 20-40 [in Russian].

Semionova N.Iu. Sokolova N.A. O mezhsortovykh korrelyatsyyakh khoziaistvenno poleznykh priznakov u ozimoi rzhy [On intervarietal correlations of economically useful traits in winter rye]. Puti povysheniya urozhainosti polevykh kultur [Ways of crop yields increasing], 1974, no. 4, pp. 128-132 [in Russian].

Rokitskiy P.F. (1973). Biologicheskaya statistika [Biological statistics]. Minsk, Vysheishaya shkola, 320 p. [in Russian].

Vishnyakova M.A. (2010). Metodicheskiye ukazaniya. Kollektsiya mirovykh geneticheskikh resursov zernovykh bobovykh kultur VIR: popolneniye, sokhraneniye i izucheniye [Collection of world genetic resources of grain legumes VIR: replenishment, preservation and study]. Sankt-Petersburg, 141 p. [in Russian].

Klasyfikator rodu Cicer L. (1975). [Classifier of the genus Cicer L.]. Leninhrad, VIR, 13 p. [in Ukrainian].

Krivchenko V.Y. (1976). Metodicheskiye ukazaniya po izucheniyu ustoichivosti zernobobovykh kultur k bolezniam [Guidelines for studying the resistance of legumes to diseases]. Leningrad, 126 p. [in Russian].

Pidopryhoro V.F., Pysarenko P.V. (2003). Praktykum z naukovykh doslidzhen v ahronomii [Practical classes on research in agronomy]. Poltava, 138 p. [in Ukrainian].

Ruts R.Y. (2004). Istoriya razvitiya selektsionnoy raboty i sorta selskokhoziaistvennykh kultur Sibirskogo nauchno-issledovatelskogo instituta selskogo khoziaistva. Novosibirsk, Yupiter, 152 p. [in Russian].

Mohibullah M., Mehran S. Batool, Amin M., Zakiullah, Ilyas M., Irfanullah, Rehman A., and Ali S. Genetic divergence and heritability studies for yield and yield attributes in various accessions of desi chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Sarhad Journal of Agriculture. 2020. Vol. 36 (3): P. 734-741.

How to Cite
Kondratenko, M. I., Bushulyan, O. V., & Buhayov, V. D. (2020). Sources of chickpea genotypes with high level of main economically valuable characteristics for breeding in conditions of the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Feeds and Feed Production, (90), 30-44.